SUSE Studio KDE Howtos

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KDE howto 文档注意事项

  • This howtos are related to KDE. Since there are two kde versions, some of them are specific to one version and some of them can be applied to both. Most of them implies running the appliance on testdrive, do the modifications and get the modified files to the overlay section. Only few need deeper knowledge.
  • On some cases, the modifications affect to only one user. In this howto we expect this user to be the tux user. In case you want to do it for a different user, adapt the examples to your case.
  • Direct links to other howto sections: General | KDE | Gnome | VMware | VirtualBox | DiskImage (USB stick) | LiveCD/DVD (.iso)


  • Kde will read the .xinitrc file at the user home directory (/home/tux for the user tux) and launch applications there.
  • If you want to launch a kde application when login into kde, you can customize that on the Configuration Tab, on the section Desktop. * There you can add applications that you want to start for any user you choose. This will result on SUSE Studio writing the .xinitrc files for each user you specified.
  • If you want that behaviour for every user on the computer, add a customized .xinitrc file to /etc/skeleton/.xinitrc by using the overlay section, so it will be copied on every user home directory.
  • SUSE Studio will overwrite the .xinitrc for the users you specified, so doing both things can get to impredictible results. If you want to specify a .xinitrc file as default but change it on some users, upload the .xinitrc files for every user (on his home directory) by using the overlay section instead of configuring it through the Configuration Tab

如何创建,包含,并使用新的 konqueror 档案

  • On some cases you may want to launch konqueror with a specific profile. In order to do that, you first need an image to test. You can use testdrive for this. After booting the image, do the following:
  1. Launch Konqueror.
  2. Select "Configure View Profiles ..." under the "Settings" menu. Add a new profile name (e.g., welcome). You might want to set "Save window size in profile". Click on "Save"
  3. Load the new profile ("Settings" -» "Load View Profile" -» your_profile).
  4. Change the window size, the menus that are visible, etc.
  5. Save your profile ("Settings" -» "Save View Profile your_profile ...").
  6. Include these files into your appliance (on the overlay section):
    1. /home/tux/.kde/share/apps/konqueror/profiles/your_profile
    2. /home/tux/.kde/share/config/konquerorrc
  • Launch Konqueror with "konqueror --profile your_profile" on your scripts.

如何在 KDE(3) 中以全屏模式加载应用程序

  • You can use that together with the "How to launch a kde application on login " so you have kind of a kiosk.
kstart --fullscreenfullscreen [--ontop] application application_parameters	


  • The easiest way is to use test drive. Run your appliance there and then right click on application icon on the menu and select add to favorites.
  • Done this, copy the ~/.kde/share/config/kickerrc file to the overlay section.


  • That is very easy, just add a .desktop file into the ~/Desktop folder. If you want it for all users, copy these to /etc/skeleton/Desktop.

没有 SUSEgreeter 的情况下如何运行应用

  • Copy the file ~/.kde/share/config/SUSEgreeterrc from a kde that has no suse greeter (e.g., after having boot the appliance once)

如何定制 SUSEgreeter

  • If you want to customize the SUSEgreeter, like the text on it, the icons, etc. edit the files on /opt/kde3/share/apps/SUSEgreeter/ and upload the ones you change into testdrive.

如何在每次登录的时候打开空 KDE 会话

  • On test drive, open a console and type
kcmshell kcmsmserver	
  • This will start the session manager. Then, select whether you want kde to remember your session, or start from scratch every time.

Once you've done that, copy the file /home/tux/.kde/share/config/ksmserverrc to your overlay section.


  • There are two ways
    • The Configure tab in the appliance editor offers the wallpaper selection. Upload a new file and select it to be uses as wallpaper for booting an running KDE
    • On testdrive, change the wallpaper (e.g., right-click on empty desktop and select "configure desktop..."). Then copy to the overlay files the ~/.kde/share/config/kdesktoprc file.

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